The following lists accompanied the publication of the Transfiguration College Statement of Educational Purpose in 2006. It should be stressed that they are very provisional and open to considerable revision; in particular, no one has yet made it clear how students, or tutors, would be able to read all these works in the space of four years and still have time to exercise normal human activities like eating and sleeping. The lists represent, to some extent, a kind of melding of the reading lists of St. John’s College and of Thomas Aquinas College. The most significant differences between the lists here presented and the lists of those other colleges are, first, a different character to the readings of the Theology Tutorial, a class which St. John’s College does not have and which has been adopted from Thomas Aquinas College but which, at Transfiguration College, would largely be devoted to studying the Church Fathers; secondly, a shifting of the study of Aquinas from the Theology Tutorial to the Philosophy Tutorial of the Junior and Senior Years; third, a greater attention devoted to Botany in Freshman Lab; fourth, a Music Tutorial devoted largely to liturgical music and practice and including, especially in the later years, study of iconography; fifth, inclusion of readings on Byzantium in the Sophomore Seminar; sixth, an expanded sequence of economics readings in the first semester of Senior Seminar; seventh, some attention to the logical foundations of computer science in Senior Math. There are other differences, but those are probably the most noteworthy.


Provisional Reading Lists for Transfiguration College

Freshman Year

First Semester:

Seminar | Theology | Philosophy | Language | Lab | Mathematics | Music, etc.

Second Semester:

Seminar | Theology | Philosophy | Language | Lab | Mathematics | Music, etc.

Sophomore Year

First Semester:

Seminar | Theology | Philosophy | Language | Lab | Mathematics | Music, etc.

Second Semester:

Seminar | Theology | Philosophy | Language | Lab | Mathematics | Music, etc.

Junior Year

First Semester:

Seminar | Theology | Philosophy | Language | Lab | Mathematics | Iconography

Second Semester:

Seminar | Theology | Philosophy | Language | Lab | Mathematics | Iconography

Senior Year

First Semester:

Seminar | Theology | Philosophy | Language | Lab | Mathematics | Iconography

Second Semester:

Seminar | Theology | Philosophy | Language | Lab | Mathematics | Liturgics


Freshman Year


First Semester


1:1 Seminar

Ancient Greek Literature and Philosophy

Homer, Iliad,
Odyssey

Aeschylus, Agamemnon
Libation Bearers
Eumenides
Prometheus Bound

Herodotus, Histories

Sophocles, Oedipus Rex
Oedipus at Colonus
Antigone

Plato, Gorgias, Meno, Republic, Apology, Crito, Phaedo, Theaetetus, Sophist

Aristophanes, Clouds


1:1 Theology

Old Testament

Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Joshua
Judges, Ruth
1st and 2nd Samuel
1st and 2nd Kings
Lamentations
Ezra, Nehemiah
Hosea, Amos
Joel, Obadiah, Jonah
Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel
Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Daniel
Song of Songs, Esther
? Wisdom of Solomon
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes
Ecclesiasticus
Job
Psalms

Commentary:

St. Athanasius, Letter to Marcellinus, concerning the Psalms


1:1 Philosophy

Detailed study of particular philosophical texts

Presocratics

Plato, Meno, Theaetetus


1:1 Language

Basics of Ancient Greek grammar

C.A.E. Luschnig, An Introduction to Ancient Greek

1) phonology
2) 80 % of verbal morphology
3) 80% of nominal morphology
3) Syntax of verbs (tenses, moods etc) and nouns (cases)
4) Translation examples
(Presocratics; Gospel of Matthew)


1:1 Lab

Botany

Genesis, chs. 1-2
St. Basil, Hexaemeron
Theophrastus, Inquiry into Plants
(?) John Gerard, The Herbal: or, General History of Plants (1633)
Nehemiah Grew, The Anatomy of Plants (1682)
Rudolph Camerarius, De sexu plantarum epistola (1694)
Carl Linnaeus, A Dissertation on the Sexes of Plants (1786)
Carl Linnaeus, A General System of Nature (1806)
Georges-Louis Leclerc, comte de Buffon, Histoire naturelle, generale et particulière (excerpts)
Augustin Pyramus De Candolle, Prodromus Systematis Regni Vegetabilis (excerpts)
J. W. von Goethe, An Attempt to Interpret the Metamorphosis of Plants (1790)
Asa Gray, Lessons in Botany and Vegetable Physiology (1857)
Henry David Thoreau, “The Dispersion of Seeds”


1:1 Mathematics

Geometry

Euclid: Elements, books I-V


1:1 Music, Liturgy, Iconography

Introduction to Liturgical Music

Reading music
Voice training
The liturgical tones


Second Semester

1:2 Seminar

Ancient Greek Literature and Philosophy (cont.)

Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War
Plato, Phaedrus, Symposium, Timaeus
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Politics, Physics, Metaphysics, Poetics
Sophocles, Ajax, Oedipus at Colonus, Philoctetes
Euripides, Hippolytus, Bacchae

1:2 Theology

New Testament

Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
1 & 2 Thessalonians
Galatians
1 & 2 Corinthians
Romans
Ephesians
Philippians, Colossians
1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon
Hebrews
James, 1 & 2 Peter
1, 2, 3 John, Jude
Revelation

Ante-Nicene Fathers

Didache
St. Clement of Rome, 1st Epistle to the Corinthians
St. Ignatius of Antioch, Letters
St. Polycarp, Letter and Martyrdom
St. Justin Martyr, Dialogue with Trypho (beginning), 1st Apology
Epistle to Diognetus
St. Irenaeus, Adversus Haereses (selections)
Tertullian, The Prescription Against Heretics; Against Praxeas
Clement of Alexandria, Stromata (selections)
Origen, On First Principles, book 4
Eusebius, History of the Church (selections)
Lactantius, On the Death of the Persecutors

1:2 Philosophy

Detailed study of texts

Aristotle, Organon
(Categories, On Interpretation, Prior Analytics, Posterior Analytics); Physics

1:2 Language

Ancient Greek Grammar and Reading (continued)

1) Continuation and completion of basics of Greek grammar.
2) Translation: Gospel of John; Romans; Letters of St. Ignatius; early Christian hymns

1:2 Lab

Zoology

Aristotle, Parts of Animals (selections); History of Animals (selections); Generation of Animals (selections)
J.-H. Fabre, Souvenirs Entomologiques
Galen, On the Natural Faculties
William Harvey, On the Circulation of the Blood
J. W. von Goethe, Basic Morphological Types (1795)
Erwin W. Straus, “The Upright Posture” (from his Phenomenological Psychology, New York, 1966)
Ralph Buchsbaum, Animals Without Backbones (1938 )
William Roux, “Contributions to the Developmental Mechanics of the Embryo”
Hans Driesch, “Potency of the First Two Cleavage Cells in Echinoderm Development”; excerpts from his The Science and Philosophy of the Organism
Claude Bernard, An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine

Statics, Hydrostatics, Barometric Pressure

Archimedes, On the Equilibrium of Planes, On Floating Bodies (the crown problem)
Blaise Pascal, Treatise Concerning the Equilibrium of Liquids; Treatise on the Weight of the Mass of the Air
E. Torricelli, Letters on the Pressure of the Atmosphere
Robert Boyle, The Torricellian Experiment; Boyle’s Law


1:2 Mathematics

Geometry; Astronomy

Euclid: Elements, books VI-VII, X, XIII
Ptolemy, Almagest

1:2 Music, Liturgy, Iconography

Introduction to Liturgical Music (continued)

Hymnology of the Eastern Churches


Sophomore Year

First Semester

2:1 Seminar

Roman and Medieval writings

Virgil, Aeneid
Livy, The Early History of Rome
Plutarch, Lives (Alexander the Great; Cato the Elder; Cato the Younger; Cicero; Caesar; Antony; Brutus)
Tacitus, Annals
Epictetus, Discourses
Marcus Aurelius, Meditations
Plotinus, Enneads
St. Augustine, Confessions; City of God (selections)
Eusebius, In Praise of Constantine
Justinian, Codex Iuris Civilis; Institutes
The Life of St. Mary of Egypt
Patriarch Photius and Pope Nicholas I, Letters; Nicetas David, Life of Ignatius
Venerable Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People
Beowulf
Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur

2:1 Theology

Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Trinitarian Theology

Origen, On First Principles, books 1 & 2
St. Athanasius, On the Incarnation; Orations against the Arians (selections); De Synodis; Tome to the Antiochenes
Arius, Letter to Eusebius of Nicomedia
Socrates, History of the Church (selections, on the Arian Controversy)
Eusebius of Caesarea, Letter on the Nicene Creed; On Ecclesiastical Theology
Basil of Ancyra, Homoiousian manifesto (in Epiphanius, Haereses 73.12-22)
Apollinarius, Kata Meros Pistis (“A Sectional Confession of Faith”)
St. Basil, Letters (selections, including Letters 8, 38, 233-236, and the disputed correspondence with Apollinarius); eventually, Adversus Eunomium (not yet translated)
Eunomius, Apology
St. Gregory of Nyssa, To Ablabius, On Not Three Gods; Adversus Eunomium (selections)
St. Gregory the Theologian, orations 21 (“In Praise of Athanasius”); 27-30 (first four Theological Orations); 38; 42; poem 2.1.11, De vita sua; Poemata Arcana
Creed of Constantinople, 381

2:1 Philosophy

Detailed study of texts

Aristotle, On the Soul
Plotinus, Enneads

2:1 Language

Patristic Greek: Reading and Vocabulary

1) Review of Grammar (morphology and syntax)
2) Nicene Creed
3) St. Athanasius, On the Incarnation

2:1 Lab

Chemistry and Atomic Theory

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, “The Fahrenheit Scale” (1724)
Joseph Black, Lecture on the Elements of Chemistry (1803)
Isaac Newton, Opticks (extracts)
Joseph Priestley, Experiments and Observations of Different Kinds of Air (1775)
A. L. Lavoisier, “Memoir on the calcinations of tin in closed vessels and on the cause of gain in weight which this metal acquires in the operation” (1774)
A. L. Lavoisier, “Memoir on the nature of the principle which combines with metals during their calcinations and which increases their weight” (August, 1778 )
A. L. Lavoisier, “Memoir on combustion in general” (September, 1775)
A. L. Lavoisier, The Elements of Chemistry
Torbern Bergmann, A Dissertation on Elective Attractions (1785) (extract)
Claude Louis Berthollet, Recherches sur les lois de l’affinité chimique (1803) (excerpts)
Joseph Louis Proust, criticism of Berthollet
John Dalton, “Experimental Enquiry into the Proportion of the Several Gases or Elastic Fluids, Constituting the Atmosphere”; “On the Constitution of Bodies”; “On Chemical Synthesis”; “On Heat”; and A New System of Chemical Philosophy (1808 and 1810) (extracts).
Thomas Thomson, System of Chemistry (extracts); “Reply to Berzelius’s Attack on Dr. Thomson’s ‘Attempt to establish the First Principles of Chemistry by Experiment;’ noticed in the Philosophical Magazine and Annals, vol. iv. p. 450” (1830).
Gay-Lussac, “Memoir on the Combination of Gaseous Substances with Each Other.”
A. Avogadro. “Essay on a Manner of Determining the Relative Masses of the Elementary Molecules of Bodies, and the Proportions in which they Enter into these Compounds”
William Prout. “On the Relation between the Specific Gravities of Bodies in their Gaseous State and the Weights of their Atoms.” Annals of Philosophy 6 (1815), 321-330
Edward Turner. “On some Atomic Weights” (1832)
Berzelius, Attack on Dr. Thomson’s “Attempt to establish the First Principles of Chemistry by Experiment” (1828); “On the hypothesis of Mr. Prout, with regard to Atomic Weights” (1844)
William Whewell. Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences (1840). Chapter 5: The Atomic Theory
Alexis-Thérèse Petit and Pierre-Louis Dulong. “Recherches sur quelques points importants de la Théorie de la Chaleur” (1819); translation from Annals of Philosophy 14 (1819), 189-198
Stanislao Cannizzaro. Sketch of a Course of Chemical Philosophy (1858 )
Dimitri Mendeleev. “On the Congress at Karlsruhe” (1860); “The Relation between the Properties and Atomic Weights of the Elements” (1869)

2:1 Mathematics

Astronomy

Ptolemy, Almagest
Copernicus, Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
Kepler, Epitome of the Copernican Astronomy

2:1 Music, Liturgy, Iconography

(no classes this semester)

Second Semester

2:2 Seminar

Medieval and Byzantine writings: history, philosophy, literature

Michael Cerularius and Cardinal Humbert of Romans: Contemporary accounts of events of 1054
Peter of Antioch, Letter to Patriarch Michael Cerularius
Joinville and Villehardouin, Chronicles of the Crusades
Nicetas Choniates, Annals (The Sack of Constantinople, 1204)
George Pachymeres, History of the Reigns of Michael and Andronicus Palaeologus (not yet translated)
Dante, The Divine Comedy
St. Anselm, Proslogion
St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae (selections); On Kingship
Dante, On Monarchy
Magna Carta (1215)
Chaucer, Canterbury Tales
Doukas, Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks
Machiavelli, The Prince
Luther, 95 theses; On the Freedom of a Christian
Montaigne, Essays
Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream; As You Like It; Richard II; Henry IV, Parts I & II; Henry V; Hamlet; Macbeth; Othello; King Lear; Tempest

2:2 Theology

Christology

Apollinarius, That Christ is One
Condemnation of Apollinarius by Roman Synod of 378 A.D.
St. Gregory the Theologian, Anti-Apollinarian writings (Letters 101, 201, 202, Poem 1.1.10)
[? Something by Theodore of Mopsuestia]
St. Cyril of Alexandria, Correspondence with Nestorius; Anathemas;
Letter 39 (“Formula of Reunion”)
Nestorius, Bazaar of Heracleides (excerpts)
Tome of Leo
Definition of Chalcedon (451)
St. Romanus the Melode, Hymns on the Nativity
Zeno, Henotikon (482)
Pope Hormisdas, Union formulary (519)
Condemnation of the “Three Chapters” (553)
St. Maximus the Confessor, Disputation with Pyrrho
St. John of Damascus, On the Orthodox Faith; On the Divine Images
St. Theodore the Studite, On the Holy Icons
Theodore Abu Qurrah, A Treatise on the Veneration of the Holy Icons

2:2 Philosophy

Detailed study of texts

Aristotle, Ethics, Politics

2:2 Language

Translation of Patristic Greek

St. Gregory the Theologian, Theological Orations

Logic

W. Stanley Jevons, Lessons in Logic

2:2 Lab

(no classes this semester)

2:2 Mathematics

Ancient Geometry

Apollonius of Perga, On Conic Sections

Algebra and Analytic Geometry

Viete, Introduction to the Analytic Art
Pascal, Generation of Conic Sections
Descartes, Geometry

2:2 Music, Liturgy, Iconography

Music Theory

Boethius, On Music
Johann Fux, The Art of Counterpoint
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Practical Manual of Harmony

Junior Year

First Semester

3:1 Seminar

Early Modernity

Cervantes, Don Quixote
Bacon, New Organon; Great Instauration; Essays
Descartes, Discourse on Method; Meditations
Pascal, Pensées (selections)
Milton, Paradise Lost
Hobbes, Leviathan
Spinoza, Theologico-Political Treatise
Locke, Second Treatise on Government
Leibniz, Monadology, etc.
Swift, Gulliver’s Travels

3:1 Theology

Pneumatology

Origen, Commentary on John (selections)
St. Athanasius, Letters to Serapion
St. Basil, On the Holy Spirit; Letter 125
St. Gregory the Theologian, oration 31 (Fifth Theological Oration)
St. Gregory of Nyssa, On the Holy Spirit; On the Lord’s Prayer; selections from other works
Didymus the Blind, On the Holy Spirit (not yet translated)
St. Cyril of Alexandria, Thesaurus 34 (not yet translated); controversy with Theodoret
St. Maximus, Letter to the presbyter Marinus of Cyprus
Photius, Mystagogy of the Holy Spirit
John Bekkos, On the Union and Peace of the Churches of Old and New Rome
Bessarion, Oratio dogmatica de unione (not yet translated)
Council of Florence, Acts; decree “Laetentur caeli”
(?) Sergius Bulgakov, The Comforter
Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, The Filioque: A Clarification (1995)

3:1 Philosophy

Detailed study of texts

St. Augustine, On the Trinity

3:1 Language

[Rhetoric and Composition]

(Classes would probably meet once a week)

Aristotle, Rhetoric
Richard Whately, Elements of Rhetoric (1828, 1846)
William Strunk and E. B. White, The Elements of Style

Analysis of English poetry and prose

3:1 Lab

Kinematics, Dynamics

Galileo, Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences
Descartes, Le monde (selections)
Huygens, De motu corporum ex percussione
Leibniz, Essay on Dynamics
Newton, Principia (laws of motion)

3:1 Mathematics

Foundations of the Calculus

Zeno’s Paradoxes of motion
Mathematical essays by Archimedes, Nicholas of Cusa, Cavalieri, Pascal, Leibniz, Bernoulli, Newton, Berkeley, Bolzano, and others
Newton, Principia

3:1 Music, Liturgy, Iconography

Iconography

Practical guidance in icon-writing
Film: Andrei Rublev
Leonid Ouspensky, Theology of the Icon
V. Lossky and L. Ouspensky, The Meaning of Icons

Second Semester

3:2 Seminar

Enlightenment

Samuel Johnson, Rasselas
Hume, Treatise of Human Nature; Enquiry Concerning the Principle of Morals
Kant, Critique of Pure Reason; Foundation of the Metaphysics of Morals; (perhaps) Religion Within the Boundaries of Reason Alone; Perpetual Peace
Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality; Social Contract
Edmund Burke, On the Revolution in France
Declaration of Independence; Samuel Johnson, Taxation No Tyranny
Articles of Confederation; U.S. Constitution
Hamilton, Madison, Jay, The Federalist (selections)
Marbury vs. Madison
Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn

3:2 Theology

Monasticism; Theology of the Spiritual Life

St. Athanasius, The Life of Antony
Life of St. Pachomius (in The Pachomian Koinonia)
Apophthegmata Patrum (The Sayings of the Desert Fathers)
Pseudo-Macarian Homilies
Evagrius of Pontus, Praktikos and Chapters on Prayer
St. Isaac the Syrian, Ascetical Homilies
St. John Climacus, The Ladder of Divine Ascent
Pseudo-Dionysius, Mystical Theology
St. Maximus the Confessor, Centuries on Theology; Centuries on Love
St. Symeon the New Theologian, Hymns; Discourses
St. Gregory Palamas, Hagiorite Tome; The Triads; 150 Chapters
(?) Gregory Akindynos, Two Refutations of the Work of Gregory Palamas Titled “Dialogue Between an Orthodox and a Barlaamite” (selections; not yet in English)
St. Augustine, Letter 147, To Paulina, On the Vision of God
A Conversation of St. Seraphim of Sarov with Nicholas Motovilov Concerning the Aim of a Christian Life

Other possibilities:

The Monastic Rule of Iosif Volotsky
The Way of a Pilgrim
St. John of Kronstandt, My Life in Christ

3:2 Philosophy

Thomism: Natural and Revealed Theology

Aristotle, Metaphysics, selections (on energeia and ousia)
St. Thomas Aquinas, On Being and Essence; Summa Theologiae I.1-43

3:2 Language

[Rhetoric and Composition (continued)]

3:2 Lab

Electricity and Magnetism

William Gilbert, On the Loadstone
Michael Faraday, Experimental Researches
James Clerk Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism

3:2 Mathematics

Calculus

Newton, Principia
L. Euler, Introduction to Analysis of the Infinite
F. L. Griffin, An Introduction to Mathematical Analysis
Richard Dedekind, Essays on the Theory of Numbers

3:2 Music, Liturgy, Iconography

Iconography

Practical guidance in icon-writing
(continued)

Senior Year

First Semester

4:1 Seminar

Modern Times

Tolstoy, War and Peace
Hegel, Phenomenology of Spirit
Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America
Kierkegaard, Fear and Trembling; The Sickness Unto Death; Philosophical Fragments
Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations
Marx and Engels, The Communist Manifesto
Marx, Capital (selections)
(?) W. Stanley Jevons, The Theory of Political Economy
Leo XIII, Rerum Novarum
Henry David Thoreau, Walden

4:1 Theology

Free Will, Grace, Predestination

Origen, On First Principles, Book 3
St. Augustine, On the Free Choice of the Will
Pelagius, To Demetrias; On the Divine Law
St. Augustine, Letter to Simplicianus; On the Spirit and the Letter; On Nature and Grace; On Rebuke and Grace; On the Predestination of the Saints
St. John Cassian, Conferences XIII
Canons of Council of Orange
St. Thomas Aquinas, Treatise on Grace (S.T. IaIIae, QQ 109-114)
Luther, On the Bondage of the Will
Council of Trent, Decree on Justification
(?) Luis de Molina, Concordia

4:1 Philosophy

Thomism: Epistemology, etc.

St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae I.44-end

4:1 Language

Guided study: Senior Essay preparation

4:1 Lab

Atoms and Measurement

Huygens, Treatise on Light
Newton, Opticks
Faraday, On the absolute quantity of Electricity associated with the particles or atoms of Matter
J. J. Thomson, “Cathode Rays”
Millikan, The Electron (excerpts)
Rutherford, “The Scattering of α and β Particles by Matter and the Structure of the Atom”
Einstein, “A Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light”
Bohr, “On the Spectrum of Hydrogen”

4:1 Mathematics

Non-Euclidean Geometry

Lobachevski, Geometrical Researches on the Theory of Parallels
Einstein, The Theory of Relativity

4:1 Music, Liturgy, Iconography

Liturgical Readings

Nicholas Cabasilas, A Commentary on the Divine Liturgy; The Life in Christ
Alexander Schmemann, The Eucharist: Sacrament of the Kingdom


Second Semester


4:2 Seminar

Modern to Contemporary Times

Dostoevsky, The Brothers Karamazov
Abraham Lincoln, Speeches
Herman Melville, Billy Budd; Benito Cereno
Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil
Husserl, Crisis of European Sciences
Heidegger, What is Metaphysics?
Karel Capek, The Makropulos Affair; Rossum’s Universal Robots
Leo XIII, Aeterni Patris; Testem Benevolentiae Nostrae
Second Vatican Council, Lumen Gentium

Other possibilities:

Flannery O’Connor, “A Good Man is Hard to Find”
James Joyce, “The Dead”
John Courtney Murray, We Hold These Truths
United Nations, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948 )
Selected Presidential addresses: Eisenhower, on the “Military-Industrial Complex”; Kennedy, Inaugural Address
John Adams, Nixon in China (opera) (1987)
Supreme Court decisions: Roe vs. Wade
Samuel Huntington, “The Clash of Civilizations?” (1993); Edward W. Said, “The Clash of Ignorance” (2001)
Pope Benedict XVI, Address at Regensburg

4:2 Theology

Ecclesiology

St. Hippolytus of Rome, Commentary on Daniel; On Christ and Antichrist
St. Cyprian, On the Unity of the Catholic Church
St. Basil, Letter 188 (canonical letter in which he discusses schism)
St. Augustine, On Baptism, against the Donatists
Writings on the see of Constantinople, e.g., canon 28 of Chalcedon
Writings on papal primacy (perhaps use Shotwell and Loomis, eds., The See of Peter)
John Henry Newman, Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine
Vladimir Soloviev, Russia and the Universal Church
Pavel Florensky, The Pillar and Ground of Truth

St. Germanus of Constantinople, etc., Marian homilies

4:2 Philosophy

Thomism: The Moral Life

St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae Ia-IIæ, all

4:2 Language

(examination of students on their Senior Essays; no classes)

4:2 Lab

Evolution and Genetics

Georges Cuvier, Discourse on the Revolutionary Upheavals on the Surface of the Globe and on the Changes which they have Produced in the Animal Kingdom (1825) (selections)
Charles Lyell, Principles of Geology (1830-33) (selections)
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Zoological Philosophy (1809) (selections)
Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species (1859)
Mendel, Plant Hybridization
J. D. Watson and F. H. C. Crick, “Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid” (1953)

Science and Theology

William Paley, Natural Theology (1802)
Asa Gray, “Natural Science and Religion” (1880)
John Polkinghorne, Science and the Trinity: The Christian Encounter with Reality (2004)

4:2 Mathematics

Modern Symbolic Logic and the Foundations of Computer Science

Leibniz, Sketch of a Propositional Calculus
George Boole, Mathematical Analysis of Logic (1847); An Investigation of the Laws of Thought, on Which are Founded the Mathematical Theories of Logic and Probabilities (1854)
Augustus De Morgan, logical writings
Gottlob Frege, Begriffsschrift
Alan Turing, “On Computable Numbers with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem”
John von Neumann, The General and Logical Theory of Automata
C. E. Shannon, “Information Theory” (1968 )
Jacques Maritain, criticisms of symbolic logic

4:2 Music, Liturgy, Iconography

Liturgical Readings

The Akathist Hymn

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